Ms. Anita Nirody - UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative
UNDP is the UN's global development network, an organization that advocates for change while connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources, in order to help people build better lives. UNDP works on the ground in 166 countries, working with them to create their own solutions to global and national development challenges.
UNDP opened its office in Uzbekistan in January 1993. During its
15 years of experience in the nation, UNDP has been committed to
enhancing Uzbekistan’s development situation. UNDP has worked
intensively to support the Government, the civil society and the
people of Uzbekistan, in order to overcome the numerous challenges
of transition. UNDP has assisted governmental and non-governmental
institutions in obtaining the knowledge, experience and resources
needed to successfully pursue economic and social reforms, in order
to ensure a promising future for the Uzbek people.
Over a hundred projects have been implemented in Uzbekistan by the UNDP since 1993. These projects have had a direct and sustainable impact on national legislation, the environment, the promotion of gender equality, and the creation of entrepreneurial activity in the country. Funding for the projects has amounted to over USD 100 million, and tens of thousands of people have benefited from UNDP programmes.
Today, with its portfolio of more than forty projects, UNDP remains an important partner of the Uzbek Government and a key player among the country’s developmental organizations.
Main Areas of Work
UNDP’s work in Uzbekistan aims to support the Government in its efforts to advance economic and democratic reforms. The current Country programme (2005-2009) focuses on three thematic areas, including economic governance and poverty reduction, environmental governance, and democratic governance.
UNDP is a key player in advocation for human development in
Uzbekistan. The annual Human
Development Report, commissioned by UNDP, has fostered a debate regarding the key development issues at global and national levels. It has provided new measurement tools, innovative analysis and often controversial policy proposals.
In the area of economic governance, UNDP has provided policy advice, increased national capacities in key economic reform areas, and has helped sustainable institutions to conceive and implement employment and poverty reduction initiatives.
From 2006 to 2007, UNDP initiated several research and pilot projects designed to support dialogue and consultations with Government regarding welfare improvement and development issues. As a result of UNDP’s active involvement in the conceptualization and formulation of this document, in 2007 the Uzbekistan government endorsed the full Welfare Improvement Strategy (WIS) as a medium-term national development document for 2008-2010.
Continuous efforts have been undertaken in order to improve the enabling environment for WIS, through the better financial management of the country. This was achieved by expanding the Finance Sector Reform Project, while rationalizing tax legislation and its administration. A new, revised edition of the Tax Code of Uzbekistan was adopted, and became effective, on the 1st of January 2008.
Special attention has been paid to strengthening the Government’s capacity to elaborate and pursue cross-sectoral policy options. In particular, UNDP has played a vital role in establishing the Centre for Economic Research, its main objective being the provision of analytical support to Uzbekistan’s reform process. Moreover, under the MDG Statistics project, UNDP has assisted the Government in enhancing its statistical capacity towards nationalizing MDGs in the Uzbek context, while producing a set of national goals, targets and time-bound indicators. A number of statistical bulletins regarding healthcare, education sectors and gender equality issues were published, as well as an initial UN MDG Report.
In addition to these efforts, UNDP has provided assistance to the Government regarding the strengthening of investments and export promotion institutions. In particular, it has assisted in joining the national investment promotion agency ‘UzInfoInvest’ to the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA).
UNDP supports the Government’s efforts to meet international commitments in the field of environment and sustainable development, while integrating these commitments into national development policies and planning. In close cooperation with the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), UNDP has focused particular attention on assisting the Government and supporting local communities with small grants. These have been used to preserve biodiversity, promote sustainable land management, introduce new technologies for the use of renewable energy, and ultimately reduce the negative impact of human activity on the environment.
In particular, through efforts to establish a Biosphere Reserve in the country, over 1 million hectares of land have been put under protection. As a result, Uzbekistan’s protected areas saw further expansion, the institutional capacities required for managing of protected areas were enhanced, and rural communities were developed. By building on the successful experience of activities in promoting renewable energy, support has also been provided for the wider use of energy-efficient and renewable energy solutions in public buildings. This activity has helped to meet people’s different energy needs.
UNDP has helped the country to meet its Kyoto Protocol obligations. Uzbekistan has achieved its obligations by participating in the carbon financing market and benefiting from modern, clean energy technologies investments introduced via the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the first time these actions have occurred in Central Asia. UNDP supports the designated national institution in developing CDM, while overcoming existing financial and knowledge barriers for the successful realisation of CDM projects.
In cooperation with the Israeli Centre for International Cooperation (MASHAV), UNDP has brought world-class expertise and technical support to develop livestock sector, and has therefore played an important role in Uzbekistan's economic growth. With the help of international experts, UNDP has provided in-depth sector analysis and has trained farmers in the areas of livestock breeding, food production and other managerial skills.
UNDP's task of promoting good governance has involved a wide range of activities. Through its current portfolio of good governance projects, UNDP has tried to develop the capacities of national institutions in Uzbekistan. By doing this, it is hoped that the institutions will achieve better effectiveness and efficiency, their accountability and transparency will be promoted through work at the policy level and pilot initiatives, and they will provide policy advice to national partner institutions. It is also hoped that citizen’s access to public, social and legal services will be improved. Special attention has been paid to mainstreaming the use of information and communication technologies, as well as promoting gender equality, while applying human-rights-based and participatory approaches throughout the program.
One of the programme’s main areas is the support of public administration and civil service reform by enhancing the skills of civil servants and ensuring the population's access to information. Support has been provided in the areas of modernising teaching methodology and education curriculums, while providing training for public sector managers, lawyers and other target groups. This work has also involved improving legislative processes and developing parliament.
In particular, UNDP has supported training courses for more than 200 civil servants regarding human development, gender and human rights, diplomatic and consular service, results-based management in social projects, local governance, MDGs, and other topics. As a result of UNDP’s involvement in parliamentary development, more than a dozen draft laws have been reviewed and 85 parliamentarians have enhanced their ICT and law-drafting skills.
A new UNDP initiative, regarding the social integration and improvement of employment opportunities for people living with disabilities, has embraced the social model of disability. It has worked in close partnership with organizations of people with disabilities, in support of the motto ‘Nothing about us without us’. Intervention areas have included the formation of a positive image of disability through wide public awareness campaigns, in addition to the promotion of accessible physical environments and the creation of a system of social support regarding the employment of people with disabilities.
• The Academy of Science;
• The Academy of State and Social Construction, under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
• The Cabinet of Ministers;
• The Centre of Hydro-Meteorological service;
• The Chamber of Commerce and Industry;
• The Communication and Information Agency of Uzbekistan;
• The Legislative Chamber of the Parliament;
• The Ministry for Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade;
• The Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources;
• The Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Sports of Uzbekistan;
• The Ministry of Economy;
• The Ministry of Finance;
• The Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
• The Ministry of Health;
• The Ministry of Justice;
• The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection;
• The National Human Rights Centre;
• Regional Khokimiyats;
• The State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
• The State Committee for the Management of State Property and Support of Entrepreneurship;
• The State Committee on Demonopolisation, Support of Entrepreneurship and Competition;
• The State Committee on Statistics;
• The State Customs Committee;
• The State Tax Committee;
• The University of World Economy and Diplomacy;
• The Women's Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
• Embassy of France;
• Swiss Embassy;
• Embassy of the United States of America (USAID).
• The Asian Development Bank (ADB);
• The World Bank (WB);
• The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD);
• The Global Environmental Facility (GEF);
• The Global Fund to Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis (GFATM);
• The International Finance Corporation (IFC);
• The International Labour Organization (ILO);
• The European Union (EU);
• The Special Olympics Europe/Eurasia;
• The International Monetary Fund (IMF);
• The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
• The IREX (International Research and Exchange Board);
• The Eurasia Foundation;
• The International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea.
• The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA);
• The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation;
• The Turkish International Cooperation Administration (TIKA);
• The German Technical Cooperation Agency (GTZ);
• The Israeli Centre for International Cooperation (MASHAV).
UNDP works closely with donors present in Uzbekistan, including all other UN Agencies, IFIs, bilateral and multilateral institutions. UNDP is a trusted and reliable partner, known for its role as a development broker among other donor organizations including the GFATM (Global Fund to Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis), the European Union and the Global Environmental Facility.
4, T.Shevchenko Street,
Tashkent, 100029, Uzbekistan
Tel: (99871) 1206167
Fax: (99871) 1203485