UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Krista Pikkat - UNESCO Representative
UNESCO - the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - was established on November 16, 1945, and its headquarter is in Paris. As a specialized agency of the United Nations, UNESCO helps to build peace, alleviate poverty, and promote sustainable development and intercultural dialogue. These goals are achieved through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information. In achieving these goals, UNESCO has been able to promote co-operation among its 193 Member States and six Associate Members, and has worked to create conditions for genuine dialogue based on a respect for shared values and the dignity of each civilization and culture.
The main mission of the UNESCO Tashkent Office is to represent the Secretariat in the country. The organisation ensures that education, science, culture and communication are all taken into account within the planning and implementation of UN activities in Uzbekistan. UNESCO also raises the funds required for the promotion and implementation of its programme activities, in close cooperation with the National Commission for UNESCO in Uzbekistan along with both local and international partners.
Main areas of work
The UNESCO office in Tashkent is working to assist the Government in improving the quality of education and its accessibility in Uzbekistan, through technical advice, standard setting, innovative projects and networking. The Education sector of The UNESCO office in Tashkent mainly focuses on enhancing the national education sector by means of strengthening the capacities of education institutions, improving teaching quality, and providing training opportunities and materials. In this regard, the UNESCO education sector actively conducts the following activities:
• Conducting teacher training courses for the integration of ICT into teaching and learning process, with the aim of improving the quality of learning processes;
• Strengthening the capacities of policy makers by introducing them to Education Management Information Systems, by means of which policy makers will be able to retrieve accurate data from all levels of basic education;
• Intervention for the development and improvement of technical and vocational education and training in Uzbekistan. The UNESCO Tashkent office is conducting a country analysis study of the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system;
• Conducting training of trainers course (ToT) on Education for Sustainable Development. UNESCO, in cooperation with National University of Uzbekistan, has designed and conducted ToT courses regarding the integration of Education for Sustainable Development concepts into the existing curricula. The trainings also increased awareness among educators and policy makers in regards to Sustainable Development issues;
• UNESCO supports the comprehensive education sector responses to HIV and AIDS within five essential areas:
o Quality Education;
o Content, curriculum and learning materials
o Educator training and support;
o Policy and systems management;
o The use of multiple approaches and entry points.
UNESCO leads EDUCAIDS, the UNAIDS Global Initiative on Education and HIV & AIDS, the Organization supports Member States in achieving universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support of HIV/AIDS.
UNESCO’s mission in the field of culture is to:
• Protect tangible heritage by implementing the 1972 Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage. This convention recognises that some places have outstanding universal value and represent common heritage of humanity. Uzbekistan currently has four Heritage places on the World Heritage List, including Khiva (Itchan Kala), the old cities of Bukhara, Shahrisabz and Samarkand. In order to implement the convention, UNESCO has conducted a documentation and condition assessment on GIS as a basis for preparing a management plan for Bukhara, while preparing a guidebook for Samarkand and organizing trainings on the conservation of archaeological artefacts;
• Protect and promote intangible heritage by implementing the 2003 Convention for the safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, ratified by Uzbekistan in 2008. The Boysun area and Shashmaqom, Uzbekistan’s classical music have been inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity. In this framework, UNESCO leads the inventory of Karakalpakstan musical traditions;
• Promote cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and cultural tourism through handicrafts, fairs and publications such the Golden Ring of Khorezm- a cultural tourist guide to Karakalpakstan and Khorezm. A block-printing revival programme has been created in Ferghana Valley, allowing HIV-infected children to build technical skills and receive an artistic education;
• Enhance national capacities within the field of Movable Cultural Heritage and cultural tourism, especially through work with museums and through trainings and publications. UNESCO conducts seminars for museum staff concerning museum management, and safeguarding and conservation of collections. UNESCO also translates and publicizes guidebooks and manuals regarding the management of movable heritage.
UNESCO also considers that scientific and technological processes must be placed within the context of ethical reflection rooted in the cultural, legal, philosophical and religious heritage of the various human communities. In order to address environmental issues and protect natural heritage, UNESCO must:
• Promote the sustainable use of land and water resources through research and education project such as the ZEF/UNESCO project in Urgench;
• Promote the use of renewable energies through a yearly summer camp for young scientists, regarding the use of solar energy in Samarkand;
• Develop science education by conducting awareness-raising campaigns on sustainable development, targeted at school children;
• Print publications regarding environmental issues, including the Ecological Atlas of Uzbekistan, the Atlas of Spring water in Uzbekistan and the Water and Migration case study;
• Develop eco-friendly technologies: including the introduction of indigo culture in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan.
Equitable access to information and knowledge, along with the support of the development of a communication sphere in Uzbekistan, has been identified as priorities of the Communication sector of UNESCO’s Tashkent Office. In collaboration with local partners, the Communication sector has implemented projects which enhance the role of communications and information, including efforts to:
• Promote the development of free, independent and pluralistic media, while using community media to foster community participation in sustainable development. In this programme’s context, the UNESCO Tashkent office has implemented with its national partners a project on disseminating and building the capacity for a diverse range of sustainable development. This can be achieved through the use of educational soap operas in rural areas, and the implementation of the Silk Road Radio Project;
• Foster universal access to information, while developing info-structures. Within the framework of this programme, the project ‘Fostering universal access to information through the conservation and documentation of historic archival materials’ intends to digitise printed materials and historic archives of glass negatives;
• Support national efforts regarding the creation of an environment for the growth of free and pluralistic media. Within this activity, UNESCO carried out trainings and workshops in order to strengthen the capacities of local information professionals with regards to environmental issues, notably in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan. This initiative involves the celebration of events like World Press Freedom Day.
• The National Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for UNESCO;
• National and international NGO''s and foundations;
• Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs);
• Bi-and multilateral organizations;
• Cities and local Authorities;
• National Institutions and organizations;
• The private sector;
• The media;
• UNESCO clubs;
• Centres and associations.
• CRA Terre-ENSAG;
• University of Barcelona;
• Swiss Government;
• UN agencies in Uzbekistan.
9, Ergashev street
100037 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Phone: (+ 998 71) 1207116, 1207154, 1207155
Fax: (+ 998 71) 1205159