World Health Organization (WHO) Country Representative’s Office in Uzbekistan
Dr. Asmus Hammerich, WHO Representative and Head of Country Office
The World Health Organization, founded in 1948, is the specialized agency of the United Nations for health. The WHO Country Representative’s Office in Uzbekistan belongs to one of the six regional offices around which WHO is globally structured, namely, the Regional Office for Europe (WHO EURO).
Uzbekistan officially joined the WHO on 25th May 1992. From 1993 the collaboration between WHO EURO and Uzbekistan took off and in 1995 a WHO Liaison Office was opened in the Uzbek Ministry of Health in Tashkent. In 2001 the Liaison Office was upgraded to a full WHO Country Representative’s Office including a permanent international staff member as WR and head of office.
Since 1993 WHO has been an active player in the country, towards the achievement of a common development and health goal, such as “Health for all 2000” and the Millennium Development Goals 2015.
Despite the numerous challenges with regards to the strengthening of the national health system's performance in effectively addressing health priorities, Uzbekistan has undergone important positive developments over the past two decades. WHO plays a crucial role towards a strengthened capacity of the Uzbek Ministry of Health in improving the national system's overall performance and in developing evidence based policies and strategies, while improving the quality of services and peoples’ access to those at the various levels through the provision of technical assistance.
Main areas of work
The 5 WHO Categories for programmatic implementation of the BCA 2014-15
Category 1: COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
HIV/AIDS: Increased access to key interventions for people living with HIV
Tuberculosis (TB): Increased number of successfully treated tuberculosis patients
Immunization: Increased vaccination coverage for hard-to-reach populations and communities
Category 2: NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
NCD and risk factors: Increased access to interventions to prevent and manage non-communicable diseases and their risk factors
Mental health and alcohol abuse: Increased access to services for mental health and substance use disorders
Violence and injuries: Reduced risk factors for violence and injuries with a focus on road safety, child injuries, and violence against children, women and youth
Nutrition: Reduced nutritional risk factors
Category 3: PROMOTING HEALTH THROUGHOUT THE LIFE-COURSE
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health: Increased access to interventions for improving health of women, newborn, children and adolescents
Social determinants of health: Gender, equity and human rights integrated into the Secretariat's and countries' policies and programmes
Health and the environment: Reduced environmental threats to health
Category 4: HEALTH SYSTEMS
National health policies, strategies and plans: All countries have comprehensive national health policies, strategies and plans updated within the last five years
Integrated people centred health services: Policies, financing and human resources are in place to increase access to integrated people-centred health services
Health systems information and evidence: All countries have properly functioning civil registration and vital statistics systems
Category 5: PREPAREDNESS, SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE
Alert and response capacities: All countries have the minimum core capacities required by the International Health Regulations (2005) for all-hazard alert and response
Epidemic and pandemic-prone diseases: Increased capacity of countries to build resilience and adequate preparedness to mount a rapid, predictable and effective response to major epidemics and pandemics
Food safety: All countries are adequately prepared to prevent and mitigate risks to food safety
Polio eradication: Number of cases of paralysis due to wild or type-2 vaccine-related poliovirus globally
Each Technical Programme works with the Ministry of Health's specific departments, through national counterparts, so to ensure the highest possible degree of 'national ownership'. Close collaboration also exists with the Uzbek Cabinet of Ministers, Ombudsperson, Ministries of Social Welfare, Education, Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs, Uzhydromet, Environmental Committee of Uzbekistan and other institutions.
Important international partners include UNDP/RCO, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNAIDS, UNODC, UNESCO, World Bank, ADB, EU, USAID, USCDC, GIZ, KFW, CIM, JICA, KOICA, ICRC, KNCV, MSF, GAVI, GFATM and consulting companies.
List of links to publications and reports produced by WHO CO in Uzbekistan, available on line in the WHO CO webpage (http://www.euro.who.int/Uzbekistan/publications/20080123_1)
1. Primary care quality management in Uzbekistan (2008) http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E91927.pdf
2. Making Pregnancy Safer in Uzbekistan. Maternal mortality and morbidity audit (Activities Report 2002-2008) http://www.euro.who.int/document/MPS/mps_uzb.pdf
3. Towards the European strategy for Making Pregnancy Safer: improving maternal and perinatal health (2007) http://www.euro.who.int/document/MPS/uzb_mpseuro_countryprofiles.pdf
4. WHO-AIMS report on mental health system in Uzbekistan (2007) http://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/uzbekistan_who_aims_report.pdf
5. National workshop "Beyond the Numbers", reviewing maternal deaths and complications (2005) http://www.euro.who.int/document/MPS/050403_btn_uzb_new.pdf